DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT POLICIES AND EUROPEAN INTEGRATION
Which is the main source of electricity generation in the Republic of Kosovo?
The most significant energy source in the Republic of Kosovo is coal (lignite), which provides for around 97% of the countrys electricity generation. Geological reserves of this energy source are assumed to be around 12 billion tons.
The most important coal basins are:
- Kosovo basin
- Dukagjini basin
- Drenica basin.
What is the countrys energy consumption?
In 2011, final energy consumption reached 1284.25 ktoe. The sector consuming most energy in 2011 is the household sector, with 490.51 ktoe or 38.2% of the overall consumption.
2011 energy consumption per capita was 0.73 toe.
Which are the countrys electricity generators?
Electricity supply is mostly provided through generation from Thermal Power Plants Kosova A and Kosova B, and Hydro Power Plants Ujmani, Lumbardhi, Radavci, Dikanci and Burimi. The amount of electricity generated in thermal power plants during 2011 was 489.89 ktoe, whereas hydro power plants provided for 9.00 ktoe.
What are Kosovos main mineral resources?
- Lead, zinc, silver
- Nickel and Cobalt
- Industrial minerals (Kaolin, Benton, Halloysite, Quartz and Quartzite, Diatomite, Talk, Sepiolites, Leucites, Garnet, Asbestos).
Reserves of key mineral resources
Lignite 12, 50 billion tons
Lead and zinc 59 billion tons
Nickel 13 billion tons
Bauxites 2,7 billion tons
Magnesium 4,1 billion tons
Is there gold in Kosovo?
In Republic of Kosovo, gold is present as a paragenesis with copper, lead and zinc ores, as well as clean in alluvial river deposits.
To date, gold and silver were only extracted from lead-zinc ores.
Scarce explorations were carried out in the wider territories of Artana, Junik, Ternava river, Dragash, vicinity of Prekoc (Krivareka), Gllame and east of Koretish.
Gold, which is connected with mineralizations and sources of lead-zinc, is presented in measurable levels in Artana mine, where gold composition is high. This mine is also considered the source with the highest content of gold in Kosovo. Gold resources in Artana mine are assumed to be around 2,700 kg.
Average gold content in lead-zinc ores is assumed to be around 0.8 grams per ton.
It is assessed that since 1939, when the smelter in Zvecan became operational, until 1989 around 11.9 tons of gold were produced.
Which are Kosovos main mines?
Lignite mines (Mirash-Bardh and Southeast Sibovc)
Lignite mines are located in the vicinity of Kastriot municipality, respectively in the western part of this town.
Coal utilization in Kosovo started in 1922, with the opening of the underground mines Kosova close to village Hade. Later mines Krushevci and Sibovci were opened in its vicinity as well as one in the southern part of the basin, namely Babush mine close to Ferizaj. Underground utilization of coal continued until 1967.
Between 1952 and 1956 detailed geological explorations of the coal basin of Kosovo commenced, in order to verify the underlying reserve. In parallel, preparations were ongoing for the commissioning of the open-cast mine in Mirash, in order to supply the first unit of Kosova A thermal power plant, with installed capacity of 65MW. Finally, these facilities were commissioned in 1962 and this is known as the first phase of the development of TPP Kosova.
In 1964, the opening of the other open-cast mine in Bardh commenced. The opening of these mines was preceded by the construction of the third and fourth units of TPP Kosova A, with installed capacities of 200 MW.
Currently, these two mines are connected and are in the final utilization stages, whereas lignite for electricity generation continues to be exploited from the Sibovc Southwest mine, which is currently under development.
Lead-Zinc mines of Trepca complex
Lead and Zinc Mine known as Trepca and Stanterg mine, is located in the northeastern part of Kosovo, some 9 km east of Mitrovica. The asphalted road between Mitrovica and Besiana goes through Stanterg. On the same road, about 4 km from Mitrovica, lies the floatation, which is connected to the Stanterg mine through an underground corridor, at the level of the mines first horizon (610m). On the other hand, Mitrovica represents a very important communication nod of the region. There, the roads that connect Macedonia and Greece with Montenegro and further Croatia are crossed. Similarly, the railroad line that connecting the country with Central Europe and Thessaloniki also passes close by. |
Cernac mine is located around 11 kilometers west of Leposaviq, whereas the ore source for Lead and Zinc and their utilization plans are located in the border between Kosovo and Serbia.
Belloberde mine is located around 20 km northeast of Leposaviq.
Artana mine is located in the municipality of Artana (ex-Novoberde), and represents one of the sources utilized since roman times. In early medieval period the fortified castle in the vicinity of the source represented an important business and administration center, administered by the Republic of Ragusa (Dubrovnik). This mine is characteristic for the high concentration of gold in its ores.
Hajvalia, Kizhnica and Badovc Mines
Lead and Zinc Mines in Hajvala, Kizhnica and Badovc lie in the eastern part of the Kosovo plain and only 7km from the capital of Kosovo Prishtina. All these mines are located in the vicinity of the Prishtina Gjilan road. Also, the complex of these mines is connected with the industrial railroad of Fushe Kosove, and from there with the international railroad network.
Within the Ferronikel complex there are also two operational open-cast mines: Cikatova and Gllavica. North of Magura, in the Golesh massive, lies one nickel source, Gllavica, whereas the other source lies in Cikatove (Dushkaja and Suka), in the ultra-basic massive of Dobroshec.
Magnesium Mine (Strezovc and Golesh)
The magnesium mine Golesh lies in the steeps of Golesh mountain, in the vicinity of the International Airport Adem Jashari, southwest of Fushe Kosove, and is considered one of the most qualitative sources of magnesium in Balkans. The other magnesium mine is located in Strezoc of Dardana municipality.
Limestone Mine (Sharr Cem Hani I Elezit)
The cement mine is located in Hani i Elezit, in the vicinity of Kosovo-Macedonia border and the Prishtina Skopje main road. It is used for producing cement.
Chrome Mine (Devë Gjakovë)
The chrome mine in Deva, Gjakova is an underground mine located in west of Kosovo, in the vicinity of Gjakove. The road that leads to the Deva mine is branched from the Gjakova Prizren main road.
Bauxite Mine (Kline)
The bauxite mine, respectively its source, is located in the Gremnik mine, 5 to 10 km southeast of Klina.